What is a lapidarium?
A lapidarium is a group of stones, tombstones, statues, or fragments of buildings with a museum character. Both the Germans and Jewish lapidaria are collections of tombstones remaining from German and Jewish cemeteries liquidated after the 2nd World War.
It was opened on 3 September 2000. It includes tombstones from liquidated German cemeteries formerly located in Kołobrzeg between the Grochowska and Koszalińska Streets or in the Wiosenna Street. The renovated tombstones secured against external factors will be placed in the Arciszewskiego Str. The lapidarium also includes a board with an inscription in the Polish and German language: In memory of German inhabitants of Kołobrzeg buried on former cemeteries. The place used to be occupied by the Central Communal Cemetery established on 23 September 1881. It was severely damaged during the military actions of 1945, and eventually liquidated in 1970. The opening of the lapidarium will be preceded by an ecumenical mass.
It includes mitzvahs arranged in the shape of the Star of David, preserved from two Jewish cemeteries located in Kołobrzeg before the 2nd World War at the junction of the Zdrojowa and Mickiewicza Str., and in the Koszalińska Str. Both of the cemeteries were largely devastated during Kristallnacht on 9/10 November 1938. The inscription on the commemorative board is in the Polish, English, and Hebrew language: In the years 1812-1938, this place was a Jewish cemetery, destroyed by Germans during the 2nd World War. In memory of the Jewish community of Kołobrzeg displaced in 1940 and murdered by the Nazis on 28.X.1942 in the concentration camp in Bełżec.
The Jewish community inhabiting Kołobrzeg in the years 1812-1940 had a great contribution in the transformation of the city into a famous seaside health and holiday resort. Jewish doctors: dr Moses Beherend (1869), dr Feliks Beherend (1853-1917), dr Walter Beherend, dr Eberhard Margulies, dr Herman Emanuel Hirschfeld (1825-1885), dr Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935), and many others particularly contributed to the city’s development and balneology.
After the opening of the lapidarium, members of the Jewish commune in Szczecin said Caddish – a prayer for the dead.
Source: Official Website of the City of Kołobrzeg
What is a lapidarium?
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